Whoever wants to set up a greenhouse should first clarify some important issues.
The winter seems to be saying goodbye and many hobby gardeners are already in the starting blocks for the new gardening season. If you attach great importance to growing your own vegetables next to flowers and shrubs, do not wait to sow or plant them until the soil is actually frost-free. The more intense the love for the garden becomes, the more likely it is that one day a greenhouse will find its way into the garden. Regardless of the season and the weather, it is possible to garden here – almost the whole year round.
Whether newbie or old hand, working in the greenhouse is always exciting. In order to keep it that way, I have put together a few tips in this little guidebook to help you find the right greenhouse and make the most of it.
Buy a greenhouse – which suits me?
Anyone who already has a greenhouse may have been faced with the point that the model selection was not quite the right one. A roof, a few slices, that’s not all! The selection or the purchase should be well thought out. “You have to have dealt with the design,” says Andreas Berger, Managing Director of gfp-international.com, whose main focus is to recognize the wishes of customers. For example, you have the choice between a free-standing and a landing greenhouse. In the latter, the greenhouse is screwed to a free wall of the house – just in the least space the best solution. Other criteria that play an important role:
The height of the greenhouse must be chosen so that you can stand comfortably in it. Plan at least 1.80 meters. The optimal location of the greenhouse is in a sunny place. Also keep in mind that the greenhouse is not too far away from the house and long walkways quickly spoil the desire to get some fresh vegetables.
➔ Foundation – yes or no?
My recommendation is clearly YES, if only to give the greenhouse a certain stability. In addition, a foundation isolated from below and keeps you from patschnassen feet. Everyone can imagine how quickly the ground softens after a heavy rain shower, because water is well known to seek its way – even into the greenhouse.
➔ Create sidewalks
Once the greenhouse has been set up, one would like to start right away. However, to avoid later chaos, you should consider what and where to find space in the greenhouse. How you use this way optimally, I explain the same. First lay down ways, so radishes and Co. will not accidentally be trampled later. In my view, so-called rollable garden paths made of wood are best because they can be flexibly laid first, and secondly, rough dirt from your garden shoes falls directly through the wooden grid. An example of this is the rollable garden path from biber.de, whose battens are even made of Russian birch wood. Whether the wood must necessarily travel so far, is an open question, the taxiway definitely fulfills its purpose.
But now it really starts, you are allowed to plan the place in the greenhouse. Surely you already have a clear idea of what to plant in the greenhouse. So that cucumber, tomato and pepper do not get in each other’s way and allow you to work optimally, plan several floors. Shelves, raised beds and hanging systems bring a lot of additional acreage. You just have to be careful that the plants below are not too dark.
➔ Greenhouse heating – does that have to be?
Yes, if you want to use your greenhouse year-round – including during the winter months. Ideally, temperatures in the greenhouse are between 15 and 24 degrees. At the latest from autumn, this can no longer be guaranteed. Should it continue to be grown in the greenhouse, must be a source of heat ago. The following options are conceivable:
- Compost heating – expert biomeilers, produce energy that can be used to heat the greenhouse in an ecological way. How a biomeiler works exactly is explained on energieleben.at.
- House heat – if the greenhouse is close to your home, a piping system can be added later and the existing heating system can be used.
- Mobile heaters – are set up with little effort. They can be operated with oil, gas or electricity, similar to camping.
- Electric heating mats – are placed under the plant pots and thus protect the root ball. When buying pay attention to enough supply cable!
In small greenhouses no great effort is required to heat. Several candles or so-called Schmelzfeuer also do their job, but should be placed so that there is no risk of fire.